The treaty is an extensive document, containing 53 articles. 1 The Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations was adopted on 14 April 1961 by the United Nations Conference on Diplomatic Intercourse and Immunities held at the Neue Hofburg in Vienna, Austria, from 2 March do 14 April 1961. 5. Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations Done at Vienna on 18 April 1961 The States Parties to the present Convention, Recalling that peoples of all nations from ancient times have recognized the status of diplomatic agents, Having in mind the purposes… The Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations of 1961 is an international treaty that defines a framework for diplomatic relations between independent countries. The Conference also adopted the Optional Protocol concerning the Acquisition of Nationality (see p. 223 of this volume), Download the Vienna Convention notes PDF for UPSC 2020 preparation. Article 27. As of January 2018, 116 state parties have ratified the convention, and a further 15 states have signed but have not ratified the convention. International relations > 1-04 Diplomatic relations > Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations You are here: Det juridiske fakultet > The Faculty of Law > Services and tools > Library > 01. International relations > 1-04 ... have signed the present Convention. Vienna, 18 April 1961: 3: 3: III: 190: Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations: III-3: 4. For the purposes of the present Convention, the following expressions shall have the meanings hereunder assigned to them: (a)"consular post" means any consulate-general, consulate, vice-consulate or consular agency; (b)"consular district" means the area assigned to a consular post for the exercise of consular functions; (c)"head of consular post" means the person charged with the duty of acting in that capacity; (d)"consular officer" means any person, including the head of a consular post, entrusted in tha… India acceded to the Vienna Convention in 1991. The Republic of China (Taiwan), which is currently only recognized by 14 UN member states, signed the treaty prior to the United Nations General Assembly's vote to transfer China's seat to the People's Republic of China (PRC) in 1971. Article 31 of the Convention grants foreign diplomats complete immunity As of October 2018, there are 192 state parties to the convention[1] including all UN member states except Palau, the Solomon Islands, and South Sudan. They are immune from civil or criminal prosecution, though the sending country may waive this right under Article 32. 1. Previous Edition (3 ed.) Vienna Convention The Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations was adopted in 1961 by the United Nations Conference on Diplomatic Intercourse and Immunities held in Vienna, Austria. It was adopted on 22 May 1969[1] and opened for signature on 23 May 1969. Throughout the history of sovereign states, diplomats have enjoyed a special status. The US state department has refused to waive her immunity under Article 32 of the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations, stating that to allow the waiver, and thereby the extradition request that would inevitably follow would set an “extraordinarily troubling precedent”. Signed at Vienna, April 18, 1961; Article 1; Article 2; Article 3; Article 4; Article 5; Article 6; Article 7; Article 8; Article 9; Article 10; Article 11; Article 12; Article 13; Article 14; Article 15; Article 16; Article 17 ... Commentary on the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations (4th Edition) Eileen Denza. 500, p. 95. The Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties (VCLT) is a treaty concerning the international law on treaties between states. United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. In this article, you can read all about the Vienna As of October 2018, it has been ratified by 192 states.[1]. Vienna Convention: 28 countries originally signed the Vienna Convention in 1985. Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations is the main international legal instrument identifying the status and functions of the diplomatic representation in the governments. There are no states that have signed the treaty but not ratified it. Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations (1961): The diplomatic representatives who can enjoy immunities in varying degrees are enumerated in Article I; Article I For the purpose of the present Convention, the following expressions shall have the meanings hereunder assigned to them: (a) the "head of the mission ” is the person charged by the sending State with the duty of acting in that capacity; (b) … Article 34 speaks about tax exemption of diplomatic agents while Article 36 establishes that diplomatic agents are exempted from custom duties. A. Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations. [3], List of signatories that have not ratified, "Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_parties_to_the_Vienna_Convention_on_the_Law_of_Treaties&oldid=982239551, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 6 October 2020, at 23:26. Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations. It specifies the privileges of a diplomatic mission that enable diplomats to perform their function without fear of coercion or harassment by the host country. The Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations (1961) is an international treaty that defines a framework for diplomatic relations between independent countries. Its key objective was to protect the interests of a State and its nationals in the territory of another State while promoting relations amongst States. At present, there are 48 signatories and 180 parties to the Convention. Included as state parties are the Holy See and State of Palestine, the two UN observer states. The host country must never search the premises, nor seize its documents or property. Article 24 establishes that the archives and documents of a diplomatic mission are inviolable. Included as state parties are the Holy See and State of Palestine, the two UN observer states. This forms the legal basis for diplomatic immunity. optional protocol to the vienna convention on diplomatic relations, concerning the compulsory settlement of disputes The States Parties to the present Protocol and to the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations , hereinafter referred to as "the Convention", adopted by the United Nations Conference held at Vienna from 2 March to 14 April 1961, This forms the legal basis for diplomatic immunity.Its articles are … Nepal is a Party and a Signatory” published by this Ministry of Law, Justice and Parliamentary Affairs, as the central depository of the treaties to which Nepal is a party. The family members of diplomats that are living in the host country enjoy most of the same protections as the diplomats themselves. 2.Acta Universitatis Danubius. This was followed much later by the Convention regarding Diplomatic Officers (Havana, 1928). Countries may ratify the main treaty without necessarily ratifying these optional agreements. This effort culminated in 1961, when the representatives of forty-five States signed the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations. The Republic of China signed and ratified the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations on 18 April 1961 and 19 December 1969 respectively prior to the UN granting China's seat to the People's Republic of China. The Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations and the Optional Proto-col Concerning the Compulsory Settlement of Disputes were opened for sig-nature on April 18, 1961 and were signed on behalf of the United States of America on June 29, 1961, certified copies of which are hereto annexed; Two years later, the United Nations adopted a closely related treaty, the Vienna Convention on Consular Relations. 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