Creating an Ethical Organizational Climate—267 promote Winstar Communi cations even as it was heading for bankruptcy. Robbins and Judge (2009) offer a nice list of what management can do to create a more ethical organizational culture. Ethical leadership is defined as "leadership that is directed by respect for ethical beliefs and values and for the dignity and rights of others." Besides, the mechanisms involved between ethical leadership and ethical climate seems not to have been addressed in literature. “Ethics must begin at the top of an organisation. Army leader is to foster and develop an ethical command climate that contributes to the ethical character of all Soldiers (U.S. Department of the Army, 2012). Leaders can influence the policy, culture, and behavior of an organization. However, limited research has examined the relationship between leadership and ethical climate. 14 Annual ethics instruction for line-level officers could include both classroom and online scenarios. This must remain at the front of the department’s planning efforts. They suggest a combination of the following practices: Be a role model and be visible. What is an ethical climate, and how does the quality of an ethical climate impact upward ethical leadership? Servant leadership, due to its ethical component and people-centered focus, is a leadership approach that may best support development of an ethical climate. Ethical leadership has mainly been defined in normative terms amongst philosophers, where focus has been on moral principles and how leaders ought to behave (Brown, et al., 2005; Ciulla, 1998), but a descriptive definition of ethical leadership effective use of power are provided to leaders. The themes of these articles are the outcomes of ethical leadership are OCBs, an ethical organizational climate, and to maintain that ethical climate a leader must role-model ethical behaviors (Heres & Lasthuizen, 2012; Kottke & Pelletier, 2013; Pucic, 2015). How would leaders develop And maintain an ethical climate? (NOTE: pick 2 of the 5 components listed in the chapter, Values, Ethics and Character). (2006). This makes leadership in organizations crucial to maintain and develop an ethical climate. Keywordsethical leadership–ethical climate–anti-social behavior. 2 5 Positive climate, caring for the well-being of Soldiers, properly training their Soldiers and developing subordinates’ competence. The chapter begins by examining some of the recurring ethical problems with work. An ethical leader, in this study, is a leader 2.2. The ethical deterioration of D Company 1-506 th IN was a result of failed ethical leadership which did not properly maintain an ethical culture and climate, role-model ethical values, communicate clearly, or hold soldiers accountable. Ethical Leadership, Ethical Climate and Deviant Behavior in the Workplace According to Mayer et.al (2010), leaders play an important role in developing an ethical climate. Figure-2 summarizes the four layers or zones of the ethical climate involved in the Leader’s Ethical Climate Assessment Figure - 2 S-305.4 With the results of this assessment in hand, you and your Command Team are now in a good position to use your general assessment of ethical risks as a basis for developing the Unit Ethical Risk Assessment. Make sure that no one is exempted from meeting the ethical standards you adopt. Keywords: Leadership, ethical work climate, ethical conduct, sources of power, personal power, positional power One of the most difficult leadership challenges in all organizations is to create and maintain an ethical climate. Grojean, MW, Resick, CJ, Dickson, MW, Smith, DB (2004) Leaders, values, and organizational climate: Examining leadership strategies for establishing an organizational climate regarding ethics. Journal of Business Ethics, 55 , 223-241. 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