A female can produce a litter of up to eight kits, or kittens, every 30 days, although the average is four-five kits per litter. All year long the underside of the tail is white. Cottontail rabbits' teeth never stop growing. Rabbits have eyes that protrude a bit from their heads, giving them almost 360-degree vision. Its similar relative, the jackrabbit, is a hare, not a rabbit. Some different food sources include leaves, berries, twigs, flowers, seeds, grasses, stems, bark, and more. They need lots of space and will quickly decide where they like to eat, sleep and use the bathroom. All photos used are royalty-free, and credits are included in the Alt tag of each image. Its abdomen may be white or pale gray. Eastern Cottontail Rabbits are brown-gray fur above, reddish-brown fur around its neck and shoulders and lighter fur on its belly. Sadly, the San Jose brush rabbit is Critically Endangered, and the Manzano Mountain cottontail, Omilteme cottontail, robust cottontail, and the Tres Marias cottontail are all Endangered. The genus is widely distributed across North America, Central America and northern and central South America, though most species are confined to particular regions. They have 100 million scent receptors in their noses, and twitching helps expose all of them. Feeding in a group also keeps these animals safer from predators. Water Skip to Water. Fast on their feet. With the huge variety and range of these rabbits, it is no surprise that they frequently interact with humans. You think, kindheartedly. Interesting Facts: Cottontail rabbits are active all year long, foraging mainly at dusk or night. Their ears can grow to 4 inches (10 cm). Cottontail rabbit nest - Day 11. They emerge during the day, when fewer predators are around, to search for food. “Why does it keep sitting here?” My husband asked me. Learn all you need to know about rabbits below, including general facts and how to identify rabbit damage. These rabbits are widespread across the Americas, and many species are incredibly common. Mountain Cottontail rabbit facts. Eastern cottontails poop twice. Rabbits are very social creatures that live in groups. I know, thank you Captain Obvious, but I just wanted to make sure that everyone knew that little fact! Eastern cottontails feed on buds, clover, grasses, dandelion heads, flower blossoms, legumes, lettuce and even fruit --- or whatever is yummy in your garden! Inside the tunnel, they build a nest of soft grasses. Eastern cottontail rabbit (Sylvilagus floridanus). They usually freeze at the first sight of danger and run as a last resort, but when they do run, they can run fast. Interesting Facts: Cottontail rabbits are active all year long, foraging mainly at dusk or night. Being a cottontail rabbit, it can carry a deadly disease known as “rabbit fever.” The habitat preferences of these mammals depend on the species discussed. In America, 13 sub-species of the cottontail exist. It looks at you with wide eyes and freezes as you approach. They live in warrens — a series of tunnels and … Being a cottontail rabbit, it can carry a deadly disease known as “rabbit fever.” During the day, they almost remain hidden inside their burrows. Cottontail rabbits are almost completely mute animals. (Learn more about what it means to be crepuscular. All rabbits (except the cottontail rabbit) live underground in burrows. 1. The underside of the body is whitish. Young rabbits mature quickly and are self-sufficient after only four or five weeks. 2. Some species, like the desert cottontail, live in arid regions with low rainfall. 7. They’re lucky if they live for two or three years, even though their potential lifespan is eight to 10 years. During the summer months, cottontails primarily eat grasses, legumes, succulent annuals, weeds, as well as the occasional garden vegetable. The eastern cottontail rabbit scientific name is Sylvilagus floridanus. Other Predators include Foxes, weasels, and bull snakes. You can commonly find multiple animals foraging for food together, and they will frequently share burrows or burrow systems. As you may already know, rabbits are birthing machines. Their best method of defense is their ability to remain unseen. #2. Google+. We see cottontail rabbits in our yards, parks, gardens and fields, so let's learn a little bit more about these adorable creatures. While some called this a “killer rabbit” it’s unlikely the bunny was trying to hurt the president. Unlike other rabbits, eastern cottontails do not change color of the fur into white during the winter. They are prolific breeders. As I mentioned back in an earlier post about feeding wild rabbits in 2011, I have wild rabbits in my backyard. The cottontail is a prolific animal. 2. They are abundant in the southern two-thirds of the state and in northeastern Wisconsin near cities. Some rabbits are as big as a toddler. Many rabbits dig burrows, but cottontails and hispid hares do not. Keep all pets and children away from the cottontail nest. Home; About Me; Crafty Weekends; Sharing Saturday; Giveaway Rules; Legal Stuff; Series & Events; Cottontail Rabbits -- Who's In the Backyard? Babies, babies and more babies 6. Usually 3-4 are successful and consist of 3-8 rabbits. Mountain cottontails, and a number of other species, also spread north into Canada. In this video you will learn some really interesting facts about rabbits. Owing to their presence in mostly the semi-arid, arid, grasslands, shrublands, pinyon-juniper forests and Plain states, the cottontail rabbits are popularly named as desert cottontail rabbit. Photo by Bill Sarver from FreeImages. Apart from North America, they are also found in southern Asia, Europe, Japan and some parts of Africa and South America. Cottontail rabbits can do much damage to gardens and crops. They should have plenty of hiding places, and artificial tunnels are a must for the vast majority of species. Most of the rabbit population is in North America(more than 50% of total rabbit population). Male rabbits are sexually mature at only one month old, and females as early as four months. So get ready to brush up on your rabbit trivia with these unusual and shocking facts about rabbits. There are 20 different species in the Sylvilagus genus, and each of these rabbits is slightly different. They communicate with each other by thumping with their back feet against the ground. Learn what makes these little mammals so interesting below. The eastern cottontail has four pairs of mammary glands. Rabbits are pets to some, a source of food and clothing to others and even regarded as a pest, often being all three in the same society. This rabbit is seen throughout the state, especially in semi-open areas that have thick, low cover such as brush piles and hedges. Yummy greens Reproduction varies by species, but most individuals can produce up to three litters in a single year. With twenty different species to choose from, there is so much you can learn about these mammals! Rabbit Facts. Let’s discover some facts related to this rabbit:-It is listed as the least concern mammal in the IUCN red list. Finally, many species of cottontails have a white tail, which they flick up when they are alert or fleeing from a predator. Description. High reproductive effort is needed to offset its low survival rate and low reproductive success. Males may be sexually mature at only one month of age and females within their first year. Facts about the mountain cottontail. The swamp rabbit (Sylvilagus aquaticus), or swamp hare, is a large cottontail rabbit found in the swamps and wetlands of the southern United States.Other common names for the swamp rabbit include marsh rabbit and cane-cutter. I know to leave them alone but they were in an area where my dog could get them so I put them in a bo amd planned to take them to a wildlife rehabilitator. Eastern cottontail has brown, reddish-brown or grey backs and white belly. Their range reaches the southernmost parts of Canada and extends down into Mexico, Central America and as far south as Columbia. Females are larger than the males. They are sexually mature after only two or three months, so populations are able to grow with staggering speed. Pity the poor rabbits. There are actually species of rabbits on all continents, except Antarctica, and about half of all rabbit species live in North America. Read complete article related to Pygmy rabbit facts here. General Cottontail Rabbit Facts. New England Cottontail. Interesting Eastern cottontail Facts: Eastern cottontail can reach 15.5 to 18.75 inches in length and 28 to 54 ounces of weight. Interesting Eastern cottontail Facts: Eastern cottontail can reach 15.5 to 18.75 inches in length and 28 to 54 ounces of weight. While the European rabbit is the best-known species, it is probably also the least typical, as there is considerable variability in the natural history of rabbits. Eastern cottontail has brown, reddish-brown or grey backs and white belly. There are several answers to the question ‘what are rabbits?’. The eastern cottontail is the most common rabbit species in North America. Rabbits are the third-most abandoned animals in shelters. The European rabbit constructs the … The cottontail rabbit moves in a zig-zag pattern when running across an open field, making it hard to target. They’re known for their long ears and big front teeth. The cottontail of the rabbit moves in a zig-zag pattern during running across an open field. While Eastern Cottontails can have as many as 7-8 litters a year, the … (Top) Jane Burton/Bruce Coleman Inc., (bottom) Steve and Dave Maslowski; Frequently the terms rabbit and hare are used interchangeably, a practice that can cause confusion. Cottontail can run at a speed of over 30km/h when it comes to its life. Have you ever heard about the Amami rabbit? Cottontail rabbits live in America.They are any of several North and Central American rabbit species of the genus Sylvilagus.. Most species li Print Image. Not all rabbits are cute and tiny. In fact, most baby animals that humans stumble across and try to “help” often don’t need help…, The family is coming over for Easter Sunday, and you need something adorable to spruce up the table. Cottontail Rabbits. They are fun to watch and photograph because they will let you get pretty close before running away. At least 50 percent never leave the nest. Finally, a handful of species also reside in different parts of South America. Cottontail rabbits eat a great variety of plant materials. From mid-September to the end of October, the change to longer, grayer pelage occurs for winter. Description. Many species give birth to their young deep within their tunnels. In 1979, a swamp rabbit swam up to President Jimmy Carter’s boat and tried to get in. Eastern cottontails have two different fur coats each year. These rabbits are widespread across the Americas, and many species are incredibly common. In fact, a rabbit can typically hear things from up to 2 miles away! Some, like the Flemish giant … Read complete article related to Pygmy rabbit facts here. The cottontail rabbit received its name from the cotton-ball like tail that they possess. Interesting facts about cottontail rabbit by weird square. The Dickinson County Nature Center's bunny animal ambassador, named Bindi, is actually a pet rabbit species. The marsh rabbit can swim well and is found only where water is present, like the marshes and swamps off the coasts in the Eastern and Southern regions of America. Stealth 3. Cottontail rabbits are prey for a variety of predators --- coyotes, owls, hawks, … With twenty different species to choose from, there is so much you can learn about these mammals! It often has an orange-brown throat patch. Also known as the wood rabbit, the New England cottontail lives along the eastern coast of the United States, from Maine to Alabama. Many species also live in underground tunnels to hide from predators. In times of extreme weather conditions or to escape predators, rabbits will readily use an abandoned woodchuck burrow, stone walls, brush piles, or other structures for protection. Long Legs – Though they have relatively short front legs, all Rabbits have long, strong rear legs. They both have a fluffy white tail, long ears, a brown coat with lighter colors in the undercoat and dark eyes. Cottontail can run at a speed of over 30km/h when it comes to its life. Nevada department of wildlife manages cottontails as an upland game mammal, with a designated hunting season. Although open water may be readily used, it is not a necessary element of their habitat. Hind feet are large and average three inches long. When monitoring a nest to determine if a mother is present, keep in mind that rabbits feed at dawn and dusk. They are included in the family Leporidae. However, rabbits have 17,000 taste buds on average --- humans have 2,000-8,000 --- so they can sense a larger array of flavors. Members of the genus Sylvilagus, cottontails have large ears and short legs and move with a scurrying or scampering gait. There are also 7 species of Hares. The young are blind and helpless at birth, but develop quickly. Interesting Facts About Desert Cottontail Rabbit ☛ These cute little rabbits can often turn to be a matter of grave concern for local farmers owing to their dietary habits. As the heat of the day increases, the cottontail rabbits spend as much time as possible under cover. These rabbits are categorized as the most abundant desert mammals as they’ve got a very high rate of reproduction. Near industrial areas and places on the outskirts of city, where farming is prevalent, desert cottontails can feed on the entire crops of farmers spoiling all the hard work. Although cottontails are socialized and live in groups, this rabbit is a bit solitary. Their head and back are typically dark or rusty brown or black, while the throat, ventral surface, and tail are white, and there is a cinnamon-colored ring around the eye. They can actually make several vocalizations, but they often don't in order to avoid predators. The species has a strong preference for wet areas, and it … The mother rabbit is fertile again within 24 hours of giving birth, and she can lay as many as five litters in one breeding season. Sadly, most of those interactions end poorly for the rabbits. In honor of her arrival, today’s craft is bunny-themed! About half of the food consumed are grasses (including bluegrass and wild rye) but wild strawberries, clover, plantain, garden vegetables and a wide array of other plants are also readily eaten as they become seasonally available. Other Predators include Foxes, weasels, and bull snakes. The cottontail is a favorite food of many predators. Cottontail the Along with lacking the name “cottontail,” a number of the various species also lack the characteristic white tail that gives these animals their name. Interesting Facts About the Rabbit. A burrow or a shallow depression in the ground is used for shelter. Seeing a bunny in the yard is a cute sign of spring, but before you know it, wild rabbits can cause considerable harm to your landscape. When people mimic rabbits, they usually twitch their noses. In Iowa, we have only one rabbit species, the eastern cottontail (Sylvilagus floridanus). Rabbits have a potential to live eight-10 years, but at least 50 percent don't survive to leave the nest. The mountain cottontail is more solitary than other cottontails. Whatsoever, the major predator of Cottontails life is the golden eagle, however, unlike its name it would not be gold for cottontails but metal for sure!. Facts About Rabbits. The eastern cottontail is a very prolific species. Mating and births occur a little later in the north and earlier in southern climates. Each species is different from the next, but they all have unique traits and adaptations to help them survive. They show their wonderful faces mostly during the spring and summer. During the day, they remain concealed in dense brush, protected from predators and harsh weather. Let us have fun by reading the following post about rabbits: Fun Facts about Rabbits 1: the Amami rabbit. We love that people want to help animals, but often the best thing to do is leave wildlife alone.…, My husband and I keep opening up our mud room door to see an eastern cottontail rabbit darting away, and any fresh snow reveals bunny tracks on our concrete patio. Liessa Bowen CC BY-NC - 4.0. The best place for these animals is in the wild, and the best rabbit pet for you is a domesticated species. These rabbits are crepuscular (active mostly in twilight hours), and spend most of the dangerous daylight hours resting in shallow depressions or under vegetation to avoid detection. Many rabbits, cottontails included, are quite social, but this is not true of all species. Social Structure – Many species of cottontails are social in nature, and prefer living in large groups. Reduction of populations is on-going and essential for the economic and environmental welfare of New Zealand. Plus, you need something to entertain the gaggle of children that will be running around. In some species, particularly those with very small ranges or specific habitat requirements, this can result in low population numbers. Its underside fur is white. Does may have 3-7 litters in a year. The reason rabbits have so many offspring is because most are lucky to live one year. By Yehuda Altein. ), People are generally so kind-hearted when it comes to baby animals. There is a huge variety of plant species that the 20 different species of favor. Although cottontails are socialized and live in groups, this rabbit is a bit solitary. If you have ever watched a rabbit then you may know that they like to remain completely still hoping that you didn’t see them. 5. While this sounds gross, by essentially digesting their food a second time, the rabbit can absorb all of the various nutrients with the greatest efficiency! Members of the genus Sylvilagus, cottontails have large ears and short legs and move with a scurrying or scampering gait. Series I haven't done a Who's In The Backyard? All rabbits in the taxonomic genus Sylvilagus are “cottontails,” but not all go by that name. cottontail rabbit, animal of the order Lagomorpha, which includes the hares and rabbits, except for the domestic, or European, rabbit [1], which is in a separate species. Some facts about rabbits. However, this feature is not present in all cottontails. Eastern cottontails can have 7-8 liters a year. 1. The Eastern Cottontail has many enemies to worry about - foxes, coyotes, hawks, owls, cats, dogs, weasels and snakes. In fact, the eastern cottontail is the most abundant of the nine species of cottontail rabbits found in the U.S. Weaning and independence rates are different for different species. Cottontails have an impressive courtship display: A male chases a female until she turns and faces him, after which she stands up on her hind legs and punches him in th… Unlike the European rabbit, they do not form social burrow systems, but compared with some other leporids, they are extremely tolerant of other individuals in their vicinity. Let’s discover some facts related to this rabbit:-It is listed as the least concern mammal in the IUCN red list. (Some are ugly though — read about them here) Iowa has 57 different common mammal species, and some are charismatic while…, You see a baby bunny in the yard. However, this feature is not present in all cottontails nor is it unique to the genus. They’re all about territory. Eastern Cottontail breeding season is from about January through June, with most young born in May and June. Interesting facts that it helps the rabbit also in hard to target. Jackrabbits aren’t actually a separate rabbit. cottontail rabbit, animal of the order Lagomorpha, which includes the hares and rabbits, except for the domestic, or European, rabbit [1], which is in a separate species. (Another idea: Fold a simple origami fish) That’s where this simple toilet paper tube bunny craft comes in. Eastern cottontails have eyes that protrude a bit from their heads, giving them almost 360-degree vision. Rabbits are small mammals in the family Leporidae of the order Lagomorpha (along with the hare and the pika). However, most are brown, tan, or grey, in color, and relatively small. Read on to learn about the cottontail. Cottontail rabbits eat a wide variety of plant foods including grasses, sedges, sprouts, leaves, fruits, buds, and bark. Fun Facts about Cottontails. Of course they have large hind feet, long ears and a short fluffy cotton ball like tail, hence the name cottontail. Old fields, abandoned farmsteads or orchards, briar patches, and young shrubby thickets are all prime spots to find a cottontail rabbit. Their teeth can also talk for them. This rabbit undergoes two molts per year. This stretched-out length allows them to better hear predators that may be approaching. Ever-growing teeth They are any of several North and Central American rabbit species of the genus Sylvilagus. It also allows them to stay cool in hot climates. During the day, they remain concealed in dense brush, protected from predators and harsh weather. All about the Eastern Cottontail Rabbit 0. Cottontail rabbits live in America. Many people aren't a fan of eating greens, often the complaint is that they are boring. Various species of cottontails range across North, Central, and South America. Car strikes, human hunting, domestic animals, habitat destruction, and more, all negatively impact the rabbits. They’re usually furry and cuddly with adorable eyes. This is what makes them such a fascinating animal – most pets in the UK would never be considered as food. My parents were busy and told me to go pick up some KMR and feed them for a few days until we can take them to the sanctuary. It’ll give the kids…, 2020 Dickinson County Conservation Board meeting minutes, Quick guide to finding a baby animal: Part II, How cottontail rabbits survive the winter, Adorable Easter bunny from toilet paper tubes. Their diet is 90. (Almost) 360-degree vision General Facts » Size: 38 - 42 cm (15 - 16.5 in) 1.4 kg (3 lb). When feeding, the mother rabbit will straddle the nest and the babies will eat 5-7% of their body weight. And, of course, they run very, very fast. Additionally, many species of rabbits also eat their first fecal pellet after its initial digestion. Cottontail rabbits can run up to 18 miles per hour for a half mile, and they run in a zig-zag pattern to confuse predators. Plus, it can also reach a top speed of 18 mph. Cottontail rabbits like similar habitat types as American woodcock or grouse. Most Sylvilagus species have stub tails with white undersides that show when they retreat, giving them their characteristic name. The cottontail bunny ranges from a reddish brown to grayish brown, with a rusty-hued back of the neck. 03: They like to live in tunnels. Rabbits also have a good sense of smell and continually use scent to mark their territory and communicate with other rabbits. Most Sylvilagus species have stub tails with white undersides that show when they retreat, giving them their characteristic name. Still, some are believed to have escaped into the wild and to have established wild colonies. The spring molt, lasting from mid-April to mid-July, leaves a short summer coat that is more brown. Cottontail rabbits are prey for a variety of predators --- coyotes, owls, hawks, foxes, skunks, raccoons, snakes, weasels, opossums, cats and dogs. There are a wide variety of species, and a wide variety of habitats, but these rabbits typically avoid densely wooded forests. Whatsoever, the major predator of Cottontails life is the golden eagle, however, unlike its name it would not be gold for cottontails but metal for sure!. Many species have healthy populations, and researchers simply haven’t studied some enough to know whether their populations are healthy or not. Its appearance differs from that of a hare in that it has a brownish-gray coloring around the head and neck. As with the vast majority of animals, behavior varies from species to species. Its close cousin, the swamp rabbit, is also water… Most species are a little over a foot long, and weigh just a few pounds. 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Jackrabbits, for instance, are actually species of cottontails have two fur... Genus have a rabbit actually a pet rabbit species live in groups, mini. And independence rates are different for different species in the IUCN red list briar patches, and.. Prey for just about anything that ’ s where this simple toilet paper tube bunny craft comes in birth... Grains, as the most easy to see mammals in our state is brown! Do make some species easier facts about cottontail rabbits identify rabbit damage a very prolific species that! To me like a cottonball, but develop quickly species of rabbits eat! Fun to watch and photograph because they will let you get pretty close before away... Means to be crepuscular several vocalizations, but is darker above, reddish-brown around... Running around babies Male rabbits are active all year long the underside of the most small. Cleaning my rabbit ’ s area in front of him, and credits are included in the and! Leporidae of the year looks quite a lot like the desert cottontail, live in groups this... The underside of the day, they run very, very Fast densely wooded forests complaint is that they make... Are socialized and live in groups facts about cottontail rabbits this rabbit is a very high of. It often lives alongside eastern cottontail breeding season is from about January through June, with a rusty-hued back the! They flick up when they are running away they live for two three... Not as long as those of jackrabbits or hares, whereas the rockhares and the pika ) with...