In the 2008–2009 season the value of New Zealand kiwifruit exports was NZ$1.45 billion. Regional maps. The opposite growing season of New Zealand and Chile makes kiwifruit readily available all-year-round in the northern hemisphere. Growing regions are classified as Exclusion, Containment or Recovery, based on the level of Psa infection. This gave growers some control of licensing exporters. A proposed centre at Te Puke, New Zealand's kiwifruit capital, would be set up to be a single autonomous, agile entity which retained strong links to Zespri and Plant & Food. Zespri's Chief Global Supply Officer Alastair Hulbert said Zespri used 49 chartered reefer vessels and 17,829 refrigerated containers to ship around 157 million class 1 trays – or 600,000 tonnes of Zespri SunGold, Green and Zespri Red Kiwifruit to consumers in more than 50 countries around the world. The Kiwifruit Marketing Licensing Authority had the rights to establish market standards such as fruit size, quality and packaging of kiwifruit for export markets, the Authority also acted as an adviser to the government. [21] The general name, "Zespri", has been used for marketing of all green and gold cultivars of kiwifruit from New Zealand since 2012. [25], W Lee, P Heenan, J Sullivan, P Williams "Limiting new invasive weeds in New Zealand—some emerging issues", A name that originally referred to the kiwifruit, but often refers to the, "Isabel Fraser: Hand carried the first kiwifruit seeds from China", "First Commercial Kiwifruit Grower and Explorer". This provided the opportunity for the previously domestically-consumed fruit industry to expand by exporting to an international market. Boundaries for each region are listed below: Kiwi finally made its way to California around 1960. [14] Provisions of the Biosecurity Act 1993 have been used to limit its spread. By 1976, the total volume of fruit New Zealand produced had exceeded the volume domestically consumed.[12]. On top of that, many people are growing kiwi for all of its amazing health benefits. By far the greatest concentration of orchards is in the Bay of Plenty, especially near Te Puke. [2], The total volume of kiwifruit exports rapidly increased from the late 1960s to early 1970s. Apr / May 20. In the 1990s, the export arrangement was reorganised in response to pressure from increasing fruit supplies from competing overseas export markets. Cultivation of green kiwi (Actinidia deliciosa) spread in the early 20th century from China to New Zealand where the first commercial vineyards were planted. In the 2008–2009 season the value of New Zealand kiwifruit exports was NZ$1.45 billion. The New Zealanders called it “kiwi” after their national bird. However, in October 2011 the case was dropped in response to pressures from a new bacterial disease causing devastating losses in kiwifruit. This well known green kiwifruit were later renamed "Hayward" as a tribute to its creator, Hayward Wright.[4]. At the turn of the century, Actinidia deliciosa was just a wild plant in China, but by 1970 it has been developed into a new fruit crop in New Zealand. "New Zealand again supplied more Zespri SunGold Kiwifruit than Green this season, with this year's harvest the largest yet. A schoolteacher introduced the fruit to New Zealand in 1904, upon returning from China with seeds. Zespri worried about extent of illegal NZ gold fruit growing in China - NZ Herald, Zespri awarded $15m after suing grower - NZ Herald, Hill Laboratories signs contract with Zespri to make sure kiwifruit stays tasty - NZ Herald, Zespri's big bold 2025 sales goal loses certainty in virus global economy fallout - NZ Herald, Business digest: Home lender secured for BayTrust's $2m co-ownership programme, Catering companies busier than ever as last-minute Christmas bookings roll in, Bayfair exploring new tenants for former Imbibe bar site, 'Busiest ever': Trucking firm invests $9m into Tauriko facility, WorkSafe's White Island prosecution adjourned to next year, 30C scorcher: NZ set to swelter in the sun; forecasters also on cyclone watch. Both regions offer other exciting things to do, including great accommodation options. [2], Cultivation of the fuzzy kiwifruit spread from China in the early 20th century, when seeds were introduced to New Zealand by Mary Isabel Fraser, the principal of Wanganui Girls' College who had been visiting mission schools in Yichang, China. New Zealand developed the first commercially viable kiwifruit and developed export markets, creating the demand for the fruit that exists today. [19], In mid-2013 a China-based Zespri subsidiary was fined nearly $1M for under-declaring customs duties, and the Serious Fraud Office launched an investigation into Zespri itself in October 2013. This reduced grower profitability and caused fluctuations in both supply and demand. MacLoughlin's truck was commandeered for army use during the outbreak of war and as a result, he was forced to sell his property and enter into a shared cropping arrangement with another farmer. We visited the region as part of a massive North Island road trip. [6], As the local popularity of this fruit increased, New Zealanders discarded the local Chinese name for the fruit (yáng táo[a])[8] in favour of the name Chinese gooseberry. Kiwi Fruit Farming About Kiwi Fruit Farming Guide. This arrangement is commonly referred to as the Single Point of Entry (SPE) or ‘single desk’. In addition to New Zealand and California, kiwifruit is also grown commercially in such areas as Italy, South Africa and Chile. actinidiae (PSA), a variant of the bacterium Pseudomonas syringae, were present in a Bay of Plenty kiwifruit orchard in the North Island. Kiwifruit marketer Zespri recently shipped out the last of this year’s New Zealand kiwifruit, leaving the Port of Tauranga for global markets and bringing a strong season to a close. New Zealand provides the ideal conditions for growing kiwifruit: plenty of sunshine, lots of rain, and extremely fertile soil. "The wider supply chain including frontline staff at the Port of Tauranga have worked incredibly hard to ship our record-breaking harvest this season, and embrace the enhanced safety measures put in place to keep our people and communities safe during New Zealand's response to Covid-19. Kiwifruit or kiwi is a major horticultural export earner for New Zealand. [23], The kiwifruit vine has become an invasive plant species in the Bay of Plenty Region due initially to the dumping of fruit next to bush remnants. By 1940, MacLoughlin purchased more property for Chinese gooseberry production. There are around 12,185 hectares of kiwifruit in production. [15] Jun / Jul 20. Retrieved 24 June 2011. 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