28 lipca 1794 w Paryżu) – francuski adwokat i mówca, członek Stanów Generalnych i Konstytuanty, jeden z czołowych przywódców rewolucji francuskiej, przywódca lewicowego klubu jakobinów.Z powodu swojej nieskazitelnej uczciwości zwany Nieprzekupnym (fr. His father was devastated. Hamel, Ernest (1897) Thermidor: d'après les sources originales et les documents authentiques (in French) (2nd ed.). Edited by François Furet and Mona Ozouf, "Georges Danton | French revolutionary leader", LAST LETTER OF MARIE-ANTOINETTE Centre historique des Archives nationale, Non-Violence and the French Revolution: Political Demonstrations in Paris ... by Micah Alpaugh, p. 158, Press in the French Revolution by John Thomas Gilchrist, p. 19, "Rousseau, Robespierre, and the French Revolution by James Read, p. 4", "On the Principles of Political Morality, February 1794", "Rousseau, Robespierre, and the French Revolution by James Read, p. 3", The public prosecutor of the terror, Antoine Quentin Fouquier-Tinville, p. 250, The Morning Chronicle (18 August) and Gazette Nationale ou Le Moniteur Universel (29 July), Collection complète des lois, décrets d'intérêe général, traités ..., Band 7, p. 149, Nationality and Citizenship in Revolutionary France: The Treatment of Foreigners by Michael Rapport, p. 203, History of the French Revolution by Adolphe Thiers, p. 426, A People's History of the French Revolution by Éric Hazan, p. 361-362, 19, "P. McPhee (2013) "My Strength and My Health Are not Great Enough": Political Crises and Medical Crises in the Life of Maximilien Robespierre, 1790–1794. Maximilien Robespierre (Author of Virtue and Terror). Robespierre was born in Arras, about 115 miles (180 kilometres) north of Paris, in 1758. By the time that Max was born, however, they had been French citizens for many generations. On 2 September 1792 French National Convention election began. ", Belissa, Marc, and Julien Louvrier. New York. 2 (2011): 188-213 by Elisabeth Cross, Lazare Carnot, republican patriot, by Huntley Dupre, p. 48, Collection Complète des Lois, Décrets, Ordonnances, Réglements, p. 330, Mémoires de Charles Barbaroux, député à la convention nationale ..., Volume 5 by Charles Jean Marie Barbaroux, Charles O. Barbaroux, p. 62, "The journée of 20 June, the Brunswick Manifesto, the taking of the Tuileries, the end of the monarchy, the September massacres - A People's History of the French Revolution", "F. Furet & M. Ozouf (1989) A Critical Dictionary of the French Revolution, p. 139", The French Revolution: From Enlightenment to Tyranny by Ian Davidson, p. xiv, 126, Mémoires de Charlotte Robespierre sur ses deux frères, p. 76, Jacques Pierre Brissot in America and France, 1788–1793: In Search of Better ... by Bette W. Oliver, p. 112, The French Legislative Assembly of 1791 by C. J. Mitchell, p. 174, "Maximilien, François, Marie, Isidore, Joseph de Robespierre — Base de données des députés français depuis 1789 — Assemblée nationale", The Works: With Memoirs of His Life and Writings by Robert Anderson, Volume 3 by John Moore, p. 377-379, The Enlightenment that Failed: Ideas, Revolution, and Democratic Defeat ... By Jonathan I. Israel, p. 483, The French Revolution: Faith, Desire and Politics by Noah Shusterman, p. 147, "All of His Power Lies in the Distaff: Robespierre, Women and the French Revolution", Oeuvres de Maximilien Robespierre, Band 9 by Maximilien Robespierre,p. This left the family with a constant debt hanging over its he… During the Terror, a great upheaval in violence, revolutionaries began to suspect that he was angling for power, and they needed a scapegoat for the Terror. Longman. Built in 1730, the house has had a varied history as a typing school, and a craftsmen's museum, but is now being developed as a Robespierre Museum. All Rights Reserved. OCLC 763671875. He was later chosen as president of the powerful Jacobin political party in April 1790. Paris, Pluriel. Died: July 28, in Paris, France; Best known for: Ruling France during Maximilien Robespierre was born in northern France on May 6, After his parents died, Maximilien and his three siblings went to live with their grandparents. Born: 6-May-1758 Birthplace: Arras, France Died: 28-Jul-1794 Location of death: Paris, France Cause of death: Execution Remains: Buried, Errancis Cemetery, Paris, France Gender: Male Religion: Other Race or Ethnicity: White Occupation: Head of State, Attorney Nationality: France Executive summary: Presided over the Reign of Terror Why a pure metal rod half immersed vertically in water starts corroding? Libr. ", This page was last edited on 13 December 2020, at 16:37. "The overthrow of Maximilien Robespierre and the "indifference" of the people.". OCLC 317736774, Andress, David. Maximilien Robespierre entered the world on May 6th, 1758. ", The French Revolution: From Enlightenment to Tyranny by Ian Davidson, p. xiv, "Maximilien Robespierre, Master of the Terror", "Robespierre and the Terror | History Today", http://journals.openedition.org/ahrf/1822, L'émancipation des noirs dans la révolution française: 1789-1795 by Jean-Daniel Piquet, p. 287, 292, 303, 409, "Robespierre, M. "The Cult of the Supreme Being", in Modern History Sourcebook, 1997". Category: French Leader . Profiles in power. August 1, 2019 at 12:00 am. However, Robespierre's true seat of Power was in the Jacobin House of Lords: The Party of Robespierre - the bastion of Sansculottism: Les Misérables, the foot soldiers of the Revolution from whence Robespierre's enormous political power ultimately derived. Hardman, John (1999) Robespierre. La chute de Robespierre, p. 112, "The Life of Maximilien Robespierre: With Extracts from His Unpublished Correspondence", http://www.persee.fr/doc/ahrf_0003-4436_1992_num_287_1_1479, "Projet de procès-verbal des séances de 9, 10 et 11 thermidor par Charles Duval, p. 34", "Les journées de Prairial an II : le tournant de la Révolution ? He died by the guillotine, a victim of the Reign of Terror that Maximilien Robespierre was born on May 6, 1758 and died on July 28, 1794. He and three of his siblings lived with their grandparents after his parents died. France culture; Marcel Gauchet and Jean-Clément Martin on 27/10/2018, Jean-Clément Martin Robespierre. The Coup d'état of 9 Thermidor or the Fall of Maximilien Robespierre refers to the series of events beginning with Maximilien Robespierre 's address to the National Convention on 8 Thermidor Year II (26 July 1794), his arrest the next day, and his execution on 10 Thermidor Year II (28 July 1794). He was elected a deputy of the estates-general that met in May 1789. How do you put grass into a personification? What are the release dates for The Wonder Pets - 2006 Save the Ladybug? Robespierre was born in northern France, Arras, Artois Province, on May 6, 1758. - L'ARBR- Les Amis de Robespierre", OCR A Level History: The French Revolution and the rule of Napoleon 1774-1815 by Mike Wells, Non-Violence and the French Revolution: Political Demonstrations in Paris ... by Micah Alpaugh, p. 245-246, "The meaning of 9 Thermidor - A People's History of the French Revolution", http://www.laviedesidees.fr/L-epuisement-de-Robespierre.html, Letters Written in France By Helen Maria Williams, p. 178, 185, http://journals.openedition.org/ahrf/12537, François Crouzet (1999) Historians and the French Revolution: the case of Maximilien Robespierre, p. 256-261, http://www.booksandideas.net/Robespierre-the-Indecisive.html, The Enlightenment that Failed: Ideas, Revolution, and Democratic Defeat ...by Jonathan I. Israel, 482, Mémoires de Charles Barbaroux, député à la convention nationale ..., Volume 5 by Charles Jean Marie Barbaroux, Charles O. Barbaroux, p. 62-63, https://statues.vanderkrogt.net/object.php?webpage=ST&record=frif030, https://patrimoine.seinesaintdenis.fr/spip.php?page=document&id_document=1028036, https://patrimoine.seinesaintdenis.fr/spip.php?page=document&id_document=1028019, http://www.nella-buscot.com/jardins_montpellier_prf_2.php, Lewes, G.H. How does the nymph's regard the sheperd's pledge of love? VII. Maximilien Robespierre died on July 28, 1794 at the age of 36. The child was conceived out of wedlock but by the time he was born his parents had married. The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). Internationale. La fabrication d’un monstre, Le Grand Méchant Robespierre – Marc Bélissa and Yannick Bosc – discussion in French, dissecting the creation of the, Hervé Leuwers (University of Lille) on Robespierre (French), Prince Frederick, Duke of York and Albany, Charles William Ferdinand, Duke of Brunswick, Frederick Louis, Prince of Hohenlohe-Ingelfingen, François Alexandre Frédéric, duc de la Rochefoucauld-Liancourt, Honoré Gabriel Riqueti, comte de Mirabeau, Alexandre-Théodore-Victor, comte de Lameth, Louis Michel le Peletier de Saint-Fargeau, List of people associated with the French Revolution, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Maximilien_Robespierre&oldid=993995824, Deputies to the French National Convention, French people executed by guillotine during the French Revolution, Articles with French-language sources (fr), Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2020, CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Charlotte Corday held Marat responsible, Madame RolandDanton. ", Fouche & Robespierre, le 9 thermidor by Arnaud Louis Raoul Comte de Martel, p. 238-239, "The public prosecutor of the Terror by A.Q. "The Robespierre Problem: An Introduction,", Michelet, Jules (1847) The History of the French Revolution (Charles Cocks, trans.) Maximilien Robespierre (Maximilien François Marie Isidore de Robespierre) was born on May 6th, 1758, in Arras where his father was based as an advocate. Maximilien Robespierre is often the person most associated with the French Revolution, although there were many important movers and shakers in the events of the French Revolution. What are 3 quotes from the story Charles by Shirley Jackson? When and how did Maximilien Robespierre die? "Never the Same Again: On Some Recent Interpretations of the French Revolution.". Vol. Maximilien Robespierre, radical Jacobin leader and one of the principal figures in the French Revolution. An uprising against the revolution in the Vendee region cost the lives of tens of thousands. When was Maximilien Robespierre born? He took a radical, democratic stance and was known as the Incorruptible for his dedication to civic morality. The 'de' in his name he would eventually drop. Charles Coulombe. McPhee, Peter. It might be outdated or ideologically biased. Maximilien Robespierre . What is the time signature of ugoy ng duyan? What are the side effects of the shingles vaccine? The Early Years of the French Revolution and Maximilien Robespierre. At the same time, Paris was organizing its defence, but it was confronted with a lack of arms for the thousands of volunteers. Overview: Robespierre was either a tyrant or a servant of the people; a savior of the Revolution or the devil incarnate. Though a successful lawyer in his town of Arras, France, Robespierre's father was so upset about the death of his wife that his law practice started to fail, and in 1766, he left his four children with relatives.