(1) A person who performs an act for the purpose of arousing or satisfying sexual desire, without copulation, with a person under 17 years of age, shall be punished for lewdness by deprivation of liberty for one to six years.Art. [...] The court may dispense with punishment pursuant to these provisions if, in consideration of the conduct of the person against whom the act was directed, the wrongfulness of the act is slight."[35]. Marriage is allowed as early as the age of 16, which until May 2018 theoretically would have allowed a case to arise in which a spouse press charges under this article. According to Article 104 of the Turkish Penal Code (Türk Ceza Kanunu), sexual intercourse with minors aged 15, 16 and 17 can only be prosecuted upon a complaint. By contrast, the age of consent is much higher in Turkey, at 18. In 1999, the age of consent was harmonized at 16 for all sexual acts.[28]. "[62], Sections 159 and 160 provide harsher penalties for rape and forcible sexual assault of juveniles.[63]. [155] In 2006, under the Sexual Offences (Amendment) Act 2006[156] the age of consent was lowered to 16, and became gender-neutral for all sexual conduct, regardless of sexual orientation or gender. ), "Άρθρο 339 - Ποινικός Κώδικας (Νόμος 4619/2019) - Γενετήσιες πράξεις με ανηλίκους ή ενώπιόν τους", "2012. évi C. törvény - a Büntető Törvénykönyvről", "European Social Charter and European Convention on Human Rights", "Criminal Law (Sexual Offences) Act 2006", "The age of consent debate: Where does Ireland stand? Greece, Poland and Sweden share the consent age of 15. This provision - Article 372bis - was added in 1965 and repealed in 1985. The age of consent was harmonized in 2001 when Estonia adopted its first Penal Code after restoring its independence, specifying an age of 14 for sexual intercourse. In 32 other countries including Albania, Austria, Bangladesh, Bolivia, Brazil, China, Eritrea, … Art 201 of Chapter 9 of the Laws of Malta (Presumption of violence in cases of carnal knowledge and indecent assault) states: The punishment is imprisonment from three to nine years, with or without solitary confinement, as described in Art. Aged between 13 and 16 does not include 16, however. The age of consent was set to 21 years and reduced to 18 years in 1975. 218/2003 Sb. Until 1959, male homosexual acts were prohibited, as was the case in all of former Yugoslavia. [56][57] Most of the changes were implemented in 2017, although the age of consent remained 17. In the UK, the age of consent is 16. [54] While this was controversial, the Minister pointed out that the previous law had not criminalised any sex act by a girl under 17. 73-FZ of 21 July 2004 amended Article 135 of the present Code. Strong opposition from the Orthodox Church meant the Bill stalled when referred to the Parliament's Legal Affairs Committee. The age of consent in Sweden is 15, as specified by the Swedish Penal Code, Chapter 6 (On Sexual Crimes). If the child is between 14 and 16 years, § 302, reads: Article 209, Satisfying Lust in the Presence of a Child or Juvenile: Whoever, in the presence of a child or juvenile, performs acts aimed at satisfying his own lust or the lust of a third person, or whoever induces a child to submit to such acts in his presence or in the presence of a third person, shall be punished by imprisonment for a term between three months and three years. However, there exists a close-in-age exception if the difference between the ages of the participants is three years or less (Article 187(2)). The penalty for having sex with a minor is not always applied. This therefore maintained a "two-tier" cut off age system regarding sexual intercourse when it involved a person under the age of 16. The age of consent in Luxembourg is 16, as specified by the Luxembourgish Penal Code, Article 372, which reads: "All indecent assaults on modesty committed without violence or threat, by a person or by aiding the person, of a child of either sex, aged less than sixteen, will be punished by imprisonment of one to five years. Article 135. (2)A person guilty of an offence under this section is liable, on conviction on indictment, to imprisonment for life."[136]. The Austrian Criminal Code previously specified 18 as the age of consent for male homosexual sex in which the other partner was aged 14–18, while no equivalent provision existed for heterosexual sexual conduct or in regards to female homosexuality; this was Section 209 of the Criminal Code. If the victim is not understanding the nature and consequences of the act (due to their age being under 12 or mental abilities), it will be considered rape and charged much more severely (up to 15 years of prison, or up to 20 if the victim is under 14). Northern Cyprus has an age of consent of 16 as designated in the Penal Code (Ceza Yasası, Art. (Case B 415-07)[121], The Swedish age of consent also applies if the act takes place outside Sweden but the elder person later goes to Sweden. Article 172 - Sexual abuse of dependent children. The late 1990s and the early 21st century saw major modifications to the criminal code, in an effort to modify what was seen as outdated provisions, especially as Romania prepared to enter the EU. However, in 1876 homosexuality was criminalised by the laws of occupying countries (see Partitions of Poland). This age is not so shocking in Europe, as they have lower ages of consent than the western part of the world. In early 2018 Parliament voted in favour of the "Gender-Based Violence and Domestic Violence Act, 2018" which came into effect on 14 May 2018. The latter was increased to 15 in 1945. Additionally, according to Article 152 (since January 2019) sexual intercourse with a person under the age of 14 (regardless of his/her voluntary consent) is a rape. Female homosexuality was not prosecuted. [61], The main legislation is specified by the Latvian Criminal Law, Section 161 (Acts of a sexual nature with a Person who has not Attained the Age of Sixteen Years), which translated reads: "Committing a sexual, anal or oral act or another unnatural sexual act of gratification, or other acts of a sexual nature committed in physical contact with the victim's body, if it was done with a person who has not attained the age of sixteen years and if such offence has been committed by a person who has attained the age of majority, is punished by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to five years, or short-term imprisonment, or community service, or a fine and probationary supervision for a period of up to five years. So what is the age of consent in Thailand? This also covers cases when there is any kind of trust or dependence, for example, teacher-student, employer-employee. The deeds stipulated by Parts One, Two or Three of this Article committed in respect of two or more persons - shall be punishable by deprivation of freedom for a term of eight to fifteen years with or without deprivation of the right to hold certain posts or to be engaged in a certain activity for a period of up to twenty years. [153], In 1983, male homosexual acts were decriminalised with the age of consent set at 21 (in line with the UK at that time). 197/2000, Emergency Ordinance no. Thai law states that the age of consent is 15 years of age. 222. Anal sex was illegal for heterosexuals regardless. Paragraph 4 of Section 206 defines a close-in-age exception, lowering the age of consent to 13 if the other party is not older than 16 and some additional conditions are met. The age of consent changed several times in Russian history: the Criminal Code of RSFSR (Russian Soviet Federal Socialist Republic) stated "sexual maturity" as the age of consent;[102][103][104] when the Criminal Code of Russia was adopted in 1996, the age of consent was proclaimed to be the same regardless of sexual orientation and was set to 16 years old;[105] in 1998 it was lowered to 14 years;[106] and in 2003 it was returned again to 16 years[107] (which is the current age of consent in Russia). 1. He had set up a situation in which the boy came to his apartment; as a result of both childish curiosity and what the court deemed to be the guile of the adult man, the boy remained in the apartment even while man first showered and then committed the lewd acts. The deeds provided for by Parts One or Two of this article made in respect of two or more persons - The gender-neutral Crimes Bill 2011 passed the Gibraltar Parliament and got assented - implementing the 2011 Supreme Court of Gibraltar decision and by repealing and updating 140-year-old criminal laws of Gibraltar. [4], The age of consent in Andorra is 14, as specified by Article 147 of the penal code, which reads: (1) "Whoever carries out a sexual act with a person younger than fourteen years ... shall be punished with imprisonment for between three months and three years." the age of consent was set to 14 according to the Lithuanian Criminal Code §153 prohibiting any sexual molestation or sexual relationships with a minor under 14 years[citation needed]. In 1999, the code was amended to raise the age of consent to 15 years and added the condition for "a marked discrepancy between the maturity of the perpetrator and that of the victim'". Illicit Sexual Relations or Other Sexual Actions with a Person Who Has Not Attained 14 Years of Age Italy Work Visa for Seasonal Jobs 2020 – Matteo Salvini Gave Consent for Italy seasonal work permit 2020 Italy work visa for seasonal jobs is a temporary Italy work permit which is issued for a maximum duration of nine months. AgeOfConsent.net is a free public resource site, and cannot offer legal advice. This is specified by Sections 176 (Sexual abuse of children) and 182 (Sexual abuse of youths) of the Penal Code, which read: § 176: "(1) Whoever commits sexual acts on a person under fourteen (14) years of age (a child) or allows them to be committed on themself by the child, shall be punished by imprisonment from six months to ten years [...]".